Sivananda Rehabilitation Home (SRH) was established as a charitable institution in 1958 by Rani Kumudini Devi in over 51 acres of land in Kukatpally on the outskirts of Hyderabad, India. What was initially planned to be a small asylum for the destitute suffering from leprosy, soon expanded into a centre of excellence for the care and treatment of leprosy patients. Today, SRH has grown into a large well known institute dedicated to the treatment, care and rehabilitation of patients suffering from leprosy and tuberculosis (TB). SRH also runs an old age home for elderly women.

In 1976 the AP state government handed over to SRH the responsibility of taking care of the nearly 900 patients in the leprosy home run by the Municipal Corporation in Hyderabad. Cottages for their housing were built and two sick wards with 20 beds were established. A laboratory, a physiotherapy department and a footwear section were also started.

Since 1978, the German Leprosy Relief Association (GLRA), which funds anti-leprosy projects across the world, has generously been providing financial assistance to SRH in its fight against leprosy. They funded an Urban Leprosy Control Project to survey and detect early cases of leprosy and provide prompt treatment to people living in the slums of Hyderabad. A population of about 1.5 million were surveyed and more than 11,000 cases were detected and treated by SRH. Detection and treatment by SRH drastically brought down prevalence levels below WHO criteria and the programme was therefore discontinued.

With GLRA funding, a 200 bedded referral hospital was constructed and inaugurated on 05 Feb 1985, with facilities for reconstructive surgery, physiotherapy, x-ray, clinical laboratories, orthopaedic and cobblery workshops. Dr.August Otto Beine, an internationally known orthopaedic surgeon from Germany has been working with SRH as Chief Medical Officer since the past three decades.

In 2006, SRH was established as a nodal centre, for the DPMR (Deformity Prevention and Medical Rehabilitation) covering 6 districts in Andhra Pradesh.

SRH has broadened the scope of its activities to include other communicable diseases. In order to control tuberculosis in the area, SRH worked in collaboration with the Government of India, under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme to detect and treat sputum positive patients. The Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) programme started in the year 1998, covering a population of 0.5 million people in Hyderabad. SRH runs a Tuberculosis Unit with five Microscopic Centres for direct sputum testing.

In October 2005, SRH started a 20 bed orphanage for HIV+ orphans, funded by A.P. State Aids Control Society (APSACS). In 2009, the orphanage was upgraded to a 50 bed Community Care Centre for HIV+ children, one of only six in the country and had been funded by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO). The children are given Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) as well as a highly nutritious diet. A primary school is run on campus while the older children study at the local government school, followed by vocational training. NACO has withdrawn its grant from 31 Mar 2013 as it is stopping funding of all HIV/AIDS projects. SRH has been unable to get alternate source of support to continue to run the Children's home and so had to close the Children's home. The children have been placed in an orphanage in Warangal, Telangana.

To cater to the needs of the poor and disadvantaged sections of society, Ramdevrao Hospital, a ''not for profit'' hospital, was started in 2002 with 30 beds. It is now a 100 bedded Hospital which provides quality health care at an affordable cost for middle and lower income groups.

The Chudamani Vruddha Ashram, a home for aged women was established in 1993 by Rani Kumudini Devi in memory of her mother, with accommodation for 15 inmates.

Truly, Sivananda Rehabilitation Home embodies the spirit of selfless service to the destitute, the deprived and the disadvantaged by bringing hope to lives.